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Psychological Disorders

April 18, 2012

Norm(al) vs. Abnormal vs. Mental Disorder

  1. violation of cultural standards
  2. maladaptive
  3. emotional distress
  4. legal definitions

Measuring Mental Disorders:

 Normative: “odd” vs. global, adaptive vs. maladaptive

Alan Turing

Extreme shyness

Degree (intensity), level (frequency)

DSM-IV—–> DSM V

Mental Illnesses, DSM IV

Inventories

  • Beck (depression)
  • Taylor (Manifest Anxiety)
  • Hare (psychopathy)
  • MMPI (personality)
  • Others

Diagnosis: art or science

Disorders for case studies:

  1. Schizophrenia
  2. “Psychosis”
  3. Autism Spectrum
  4. Psychopathy
  5. Other Personality Disorders: Borderline, Narcissism, Dependence
  6. Anxiety Disorders- fight or flight
  7. OCD— binding anxiety
  8. Eating disorders
  9. Addiction
  10. Phobias
  11. Panic
  12. Depression and Mania
  13. Major Depression
  14. Bi polar

Causes:

Biology— norepinephine and serotonin

Social explanation

Attachment

Cognitive

Learned helplessness

Eclectic

Vulnerability-stress

Evolution

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